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ASTM A193

Scope

Originally approved in 1936, this specification is heavily utilized in petroleum and chemical construction applications.  The ASTM standard covers alloy steel and stainless steel bolting materials for high temperature service. This specification includes fasteners intended for use in pressure vessels, valves, flanges, and fittings. Although, this material is often available in national coarse (UNC) thread pitches, if being used in traditional applications, threads are specified 8 threads per inch (tpi) for diameters above one inch.

Below is a basic summary of a few of the common grades. ASTM A193 covers a number of other standard specifications not covered in this description including B5, B6, and B16.    

Grades

B7 Alloy steel, AISI 4140/4142 quenched and tempered
B8 Class 1 Stainless steel, AISI 304, carbide solution treated.
B8M Class 1 Stainless steel, AISI 316, carbide solution treated.
B8 Class 2 Stainless steel, AISI 304, carbide solution treated, strain hardened
B8M Class 2 Stainless steel, AISI 316, carbide solution treated, strain hardened

 

Mechanical Properties

Grade

Size

Tensile ksi, min

Yield, ksi, min

Elong, %, min

RA % min

B7

Up to 2-1/2

125

105

16

50

2-5/8 - 4

115

95

16

50

4-1/8 - 7

100

75

18

50

B8 Class 1

All

75

30

30

50

B8M Class 1

All

75

30

30

50

B8 Class 2

Up to 3/4

125

100

12

35

7/8 - 1

115

80

15

35

1-1/8 - 1-1/4

105

65

20

35

1-3/8 - 1-1/2

100

50

28

45

B8M Class 2

Up to 3/4

110

95

15

45

7/8 - 1

100

80

20

45

1-1/8 - 1-1/4

95

65

25

45

1-3/8 - 1-1/2

90

50

30

45

 

Recommended Nuts and Washers

Grade Nuts Washers
B7 A194 Grade 2H F436
B8 Class 1 A194 Grade 8 SS304
B8M Class 1 A194 Grade 8M SS316
B8 Class 2 A194 Grade 8, strain hardened SS304
B8M Class 2 A194 Grade 8M, strain hardened SS316


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